Q. Why require the Open Access Policy? Why not just let individual authors choose to do this themselves?
Experience has shown that "opt-in" systems have little effect on authors' behavior. For instance, before Congress made it a requirement in 2008, participation in the NIH Public Access Policy, which took effect in 2005, was optional. Before 2008, compliance was under 20%; as of 2014, the compliance rate was over 80%. On the other hand, "opt-out" systems, such as the UAlbany Open Access Policy achieve much higher degrees of participation, even while remaining non-coercive through the option of seeking a waiver.
Also, a blanket policy provides the benefit of unified action. Individual authors do not need to negotiate directly with publishers, since the policy makes it possible for the University to work with publishers on behalf of UAlbany authors.
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